Vipassana Research Institute

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Vipassana Research Institute
Glossary (English - P±li)
Vipassana Research Institute

 

A

  

accompany - bhajati / pariv±reti

 

action – kamma

 

address - ±manteti

 

admonish - anus±sati / ovadati

 

advice - ov±da

 

advise – ovadati

 

again - puna

 

all – sabba

 

alms - d±na

 

ancient – pubbaka

 

and - ca

 

(be) angry - kujjhati

 

animal – pasu

 

anthill - vammika

 

approach - upasaªkamati

 

arrow - sara

 

arts (and sciences) – sippa

 

assemble - sannipatati

 

assembly - sabh±

 

attain - p±puº±ti / pappoti

 

avoid - parivejjeti

 

axe - pharasu

 


 

B

 

banana - kadal²

 

bamboo - ve¼u

  

bank - t²ra

 

banker - seµµh²

 

bathe - nah±yati

 

basket - piµaka

 

beak - tuº¹a

 

because - yato / yasm±

 

become - bhavati / hoti

 

bed - mañca

 

bee - bhamara / madhukara

 

beg - y±cati

 

beggar - y±caka

 

belly – kucchi

 

benevolent one - atthaññ³

 

between - antar±

 

bind – bandhati

 

bird - sakuºa / pakkh²

 

bite - ¹asati

 

boat - doºi

 

body - k±ya

 

book – potthaka

 

(be) born – uppajjati

 

bow - dhanu

 

bowl – patta

 

box - mañj³s±

 

boy - kum±ra

 

brahmin - br±hmaºa

 

branch - s±kh±

 

break - bhindati / bhañjati

 

bridge - setu

 

bring - ±harati / ±neti / ±vahati

 

broom - sammajjan²

 

brother - bh±tu

 

Buddha - Tath±gata / Sugata / Bhagav±

 

buy - kiº±ti

 


 

C

 

cage – pañjara

 

call – pakkosati

 

can - sakkoti

 

carpenter - va¹¹hak²

 

carry – harati

 

cart - sakaµa

 

caste – kula

 

cave - guh±

 

charioteer - s±rath²

 

chase after – anubandhati

 

chief – adhipati

 

child - d±raka

 

city - nagara

 

clever – dakkha

 

climb - ±ruhati

 

close – thaketi

 

cloth - vattha / dussa / s±µaka

 

collect - ocin±ti / sa½harati

 

colourful - vaººavantu

 

come - ±gacchati

 

compassionate - k±ruºika

 

conceal - ch±deti / paµicch±deti

 

console - samass±seti

 

converse – sallapati

 

cook – pacati

 

corn – dhañña

 

cow - g±v² / dhenu

 

cow elephant - kaºeru

 

create - m±peti

 

creeper - lat±

 

cross - tarati / uttarati

 

crow - k±ka

 

curd – dadhi

 

cut – chindati

 


 

D

 

dance – naccati

 

daughter - d±rik± / dh²tu / duhitu

 

(is) dear - piy±yati

 

deer - miga

 

defeat - par±jeti

 

deity - deva / devat± / sura

 

delight – modati

 

demerit - akusala / p±pa

 

depart - nikkhamati

 

descend - otarati / oruhati

 

destroy - n±seti

 

develop - va¹¹heti

 

dig - khaºati

 

disciple - s±vaka

 

disciplinarian – vinetu

 

discuss – manteti

 

dispatch - peseti / pahiº±ti

 

distribute – vibhajati

 

do - karoti

 

do not - m± (with imperative)

 

doctrine – dhamma

 

doer – kattu

 

dog - kukkura / sunakha / soºa

 

door - dv±ra

 

drink - pivati / pibati

 

drinking water - p±n²ya

 

drives - p±jeti

 

dwells - viharati / vasati

 


 

E

 

ear – sota

 

eat - kh±dati / bhuñjati

 

eczema – daddu

 

elephant - hatth² / kar²

 

elements - dh±tu

 

eminent person - pabh³

 

enemy - sattu, ari

 

enjoy – bhuñjati

 

enter – pavisati

 

entire – sakala

 

estate – vatthu

 

evil - p±pa

 

evil one - m±ra

 

expects - ±kaªkhati / pattheti

 

explain - vy±karoti

 

explore – pariyesati

 

eye - akkhi / cakkhu / locana / nayana

 


 

F

 

face – mukha

 

faith - saddh±

 

fall – patati

 

famous – yasavantu

 

fast - s²gha½

 

father – pitu

 

fear - bh±yati

 

feel – vindati

 

feel compassionate – anukampati

 

fell - p±teti

 

field – khetta

 

fill - p³reti

 

finger – anguli

 

fire – aggi

 

firewood -d±ru

 

fish – maccha

 

fisherman - dh²vara

 

fist - muµµhi

 

flag - ketu

 

flame – acci

 

flower - kusuma / puppha

 

flower altar - pupph±sana

 

fly - u¹¹eti / uppatati

 

follow -anugacchati / anubandhati

 

food - bhojana / kh±dan²ya/ bhojan²ya

 

foot - p±da

 

foot of tree - rukkham³la

 

forest - arañña / vana / aµavi

 

form (object) - r³pa

 

friend - mitta / sah±ya(ka)

 

friend (female) - sakh²

 

fruit – phala

 

fulfil – samijjhati

 


 

G

 

gain - l±bha

 

garland - m±l±

 

garment - s±µaka / vattha

 

gem - maºi

 

generous one - vadaññ³

 

get – labhati

 

ghee – sappi

 

girl - d±rik± / kaññ± / kum±r² / yuvati

 

give - dad±ti / deti

 

giver - d±tu

 

go - gacchati

 

goat - aja

 

goer - gantu

 

gold - suvaººa / hirañña

 

good man – sappurisa

 

goods - bhaº¹a

 

grass - tiºa

 

ground - bh³mi

 

gruel - y±gu

 

guest - atithi

 


 

H

 

hall - s±l±

 

hand – hattha

 

happy one - sukhi

 

happily - sukha½

 

harass - p²¼eti

 

harm - hi½sati

 

head - s²sa

 

heap - r±si

 

heaven - sagga

 

hermit - t±pasa

 

hide - ch±deti / paµicch±deti

 

Himalaya – himavantu

 

hit – paharati

 

hoe - kudd±la

 

hoist - uss±peti

 

honey – madhu

 

honour - p³jeti / vandati

 

hope - pattheti / ±kaªkhati

 

horse – assa

 

house - niv±sa / geha / ghara

 

householder – gahapati

 

how - katha½ / yath±

 

how far - y±va... t±va

 

hunger - khud±

 

hunter - luddaka

 

husband - pati / bhattu / s±m²

 


 

I

 

I - aha½

 

if - sace / yadi

 

illuminate - obh±seti

 

impermanent – anicca

 

indeed - addh±

 

inform - ±roceti

 

intelligence - paññ±

 

intelligent one - paññavantu / viññ±tu

 

invite - nimanteti / pakkosati

 

is - atthi / bhavati / hoti

 


 

J

 

jackal - sig±la

   


 

K

 

keep - µhapeti

 

kill - hanati / m±reti

 

king - bh³p±la / bh³pati

 

kiss – cumbati

 

knee - j±ºu / jaººu

 

know - j±n±ti

 

knowledgable man - vid³ / viññ³

   


 

L

 

lamp - d²pa

 

laugh – hasati

 

lay devotee - up±saka

 

lead - neti / nayati

 

leader – netu

 

leaf - paººa

 

learn - uggaºh±ti

 

leave - nikkhamati

 

leopard - d²pi

 

leper - kuµµh²

 

light - n, ±loka / v, j±leti

 

lightning – asani

 

(is) like – viya

 

lion - s²ha

 

liquor - sur±

 

listen - suº±ti

 

listener - sotu

 

live - j²vati

 

living being - p±º²

 

living long - d²ghaj²v²

 

look – oloketi

 

lotus - paduma

 

luscious – ojavantu

 


 

M

 

magic spell - manta

 

man - nara / purisa / manussa

 

mansion - p±s±da

 

many – bahu

 

mat - kilañj±

 

measure - n, n±¼i / v, min±ti

 

merchant - v±ºija

 

merit - kusala / puñña

 

messenger - d³ta

 

milk - n, kh²ra / v, duhati

 

mind – citta

 

minister - mant²

 

mix - sammisseti

 

moderate - mattaññ³

 

monastery - vih±ra

 

monk - samaºa / bhikkhu

 

monkey - v±nara / makkaµa / kapi

 

moon - canda

 

morning - pabh±te

 

mother - amm± / m±tu

 

mother-in-law – sassu

 

mountain - pabbata / giri

 

mouth - mukha

 

much - pah³ta

 


 

N

 

neck - g²v±

 

nest - kul±vaka

 

new – nava

 

night - ratti

 

not - na

 

nourish - poseti

 


 

O

 

object - r³pa

 

ocean - samudda / udadhi / sindhu

 

oil - tela

 

omniscient - sabbaññ³

 

open - vivarati

 

oppress - p²¼eti

 

or - v±

 

outcast - caº¹±la

 

ox - goºa

 


 

P

 

paddy - v²hi

 

palm - p±ºi

 

park - uyy±na

 

parrot - suka / suva

 

peacock - sikh²

 

piece - khaº¹a

 

pig - var±ha / s³kara

 

pit - ±v±µa / k±su

 

plant - v, ropeti

 

play - v, k²¼ati

 

(be) pleased - pas²dati

 

plough - kasati

 

poet – kavi

 

pollute - d³seti

 

pond - pokkharaº²

 

pot - ghaµa

 

powerful - bal² / balavantu

 

preach - deseti

 

prepare - paµiy±deti

 

prevent - niv±reti

 

protect – rakkhati

 

psychic power – iddhi

 

pull - ±ka¹¹hati

 

pupil - sissa

 

purgatory – naraka

 

put – pakkhipati

  


 

Q

 

queen - r±jin²

 

question - n, pañha / v, pucchati

 


 

R

 

ray - rasmi

 

receive - labhati

 

reciter – pavattu

 

reject - pajahati

 

relative – bandhu

 

release - muñcati

 

relic - dh±tu

 

renounce – pabbajati

 

reptile - uraga

 

retinue - paris±

 

rice - bhatta / odana / taº¹ula

 

right - samm±

 

rise - udeti

 

river - nad² / v±ri

 

road - magga

 

roam - ±hiº¹ati / carati

 

robe - c²vara

 

room – ovaraka

 

rope – rajju

 

rule - p±leti

 

run - dh±vati

 


 

S

 

sage - isi / muni

 

sailor - n±vika

 

sand - v±luk±

 

saw – kakaca

 

scatter - vikirati

 

science & arts - sippa

 

scold – vigarahati

 

sea - samudda / udadhi / sindhu

 

seat - ±sana

 

see – passati

 

seed - b²ja

 

sell - vikkiº±ti

 

send - peseti / pahiº±ti

 

serpent - sappa / ahi / uraga

 

servant - d±sa

 

sew – sibbati

 

shade / shadow - ch±y±

 

ship - n±v±

 

shoot – vijjhati

 

shop - ±paºa

 

sickness - vy±dhi

 

sick person - gil±na

 

simile - upam±

 

since – yato

 

sing - g±yati

 

sister - bhagini

 

sit - nis²dat²

 

sky - ±k±sa

 

sleep – sayati

 

smeared – upalitta

 

sometimes - kad±ci karahaci

 

son - putta

 

song - g²ta

 

soon - khippa½

 

sound – sadda

 

sow – vapati

 

speak - bh±sati / katheti

 

speaker - vattu

 

speech - kath±

 

spend – vissajjeti

 

spoil - d³seti

 

spoon - kaµacchu

 

spread - pattharati

 

sprinkle – siñcati

 

stairway - sop±na

 

stand / stay - tiµµhati

 

steal – coreti

  

stone - p±s±ºa

 

suffering – dukkha

  

sugar-cane – ucchu

  

sun - suriya / ravi / bh±numantu

  

sweep – sammajjati

  

sweetmeat – modaka

  

sword - khagga / asi

  


 

T

 

take - ±dad±ti / gaºh±ti

 

take out - n²harati

 

tank - v±pi

 

taste - rasa

 

teach - v±ceti

 

teacher - ±cariya / garu / satthu

 

tear n. – assu

 

tempt - palobheti

 

then - tad±

 

there - tattha

 

therefore - tasm±

 

thief - cora

 

think – cinteti

 

 

thirst - pip±s±

 

thirsty - pip±sita

 

thunder - asani

 

thus - tath±

 

today – ajja

 

tongue - jivh±

 

touch – phusati

 

town – nagara

 

treasure – nidhi

 

tree - rukkha / taru

 

try - ussahati / v±yamati

 

throw - cha¹¹eti

 

truth – sacca

 

turn - pavatteti

 

tusker - d±µh²

 

twenty - v²sati

 


 

U

 

uncle - m±tula

 

understand - adhigacchati

 

until - y±va... t±va

 


 

V

 

various - n±n±

 

vehicle – ratha

 

victor – jetu

 

village - g±ma

 

virtue - s²la / guºa

 

virtuous - guºavantu / s²lavantu

  


 

W

 

wage – vetana

  

walking stick - yaµµhi

 

wander - ±hiº¹ati / carati

 

wash – dhovati

 

washerman – rajaka

 

water - udaka / jala / p±n²ya

 

weak – dubbala

 

wealth - dhana / vasu

 

weep – rodati

 

when - yad± / kad±

 

whence - yato / kuto

 

where - yattha / kuhi½ / kattha

 

why - yasm± / kasm±

 

wicked man – asappurisa

 

wife - bhariy± / vadh³

 

wife & children - puttad±ra

 

win - jayati

 

wind - v±ta

 

wisdom - paññ±

 

wise man - vid³ / viññ³ / paññavantu

 

wish - icchati / pattheti

 

with - saddhi½ / saha

 

woman - itth² / n±ri/ yuvati /vanit±

 

world – loka

 

worship - vandati / namassati

 

wrap - veµheti

 

write - likhati

 


 

Y

 

you - tva½ (sg.) / tumhe (pl.)

 

young one - susu

 

young woman - yuvati

 


 

z

 

                                                     

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Vipassana Research Institute
Vipassana Research Institute