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Vipassana Research Institute
Vipassana Research Institute

 

P±li Vocabulary (other than Verbs)

 


 

Abbreviations

 

m = masculine;

 

f = feminine;

 

n = neuter;

 

adj = adjective;

 

ind = indeclinable particle;

 

adv = adverb

 

pron = pronoun

   


 

akusala, adj - demerit

 

akkhi, n - eye

 

aggi, m - fire

 

aªguli, f - finger

 

acci, n - flame

 

aja, m - goat

 

ajja, ind - today

 

aµavi, f - forest

 

aµµhi, n - bone

 

atithi, m - guest

 

atthaññ³, m - benevolent person

 

addh±, ind - indeed, certainly

 

adhipati, m - chief

 

anicca, adj - impermanent

 

antar±, ind - between

 

amacca, m - minister

 

ambu, n - water

 

amm±, f - mother

 

arañña, n - forest

 

ari, m - enemy

 

asani, f - thunder

 

asappurisa, m - wicked man

 

asi, m - sword

 

assa, m - horse

 

assu, n - tear

 

aha½, pron - I

 

ahi, m - serpent

 

±k±sa, m - sky

 

±khu, m - mouse

 

±cariya, m - teacher

 

±paºa, n - shop

 

±loka, m - light

 

±v±µa, m - pit

 

±sana, n - seat

 

itthi, f - woman

 

iddhi, f - psychic power

 

isi, m - sage

 

ucchu, m - sugar cane

   

udaka, n - water

 

udadhi, m - ocean, sea

 

upam±, f - simile

 

upalitta, mfn - smeared

 

up±saka, m - lay devotee

 

uyy±na, n - park

uraga, m - reptile

 

odana, m - rice

 

ojavantu, adj - luscious

 

ovaraka, m - bed room

 

ov±da, n - advice

 

kakaca, m - saw

 

kaññ±, f - girl

 

kaµacchu, m - spoon

 

kaºeru, f - cow

   

kar², m - elephant

 

kattu, m - doer

 

kattha, adv - where

 

kath±, f - speech

 

katha½, adv - how

 

kadal², f - banana, plantain

 

kad±, adv - when

 

kad±ci karahaci, adv - sometimes

 

kapi, m - monkey

 

kamma, n - action, deed

 

kar², m - elephant

 

kavi, m - poet

 

kasm±, adv - why

 

k±ka, m - crow

   

k±ya, m - body

 

k±ruºika, adj - compassionate

 

k±su, f - pit

 

kilañj±, f - mat

 

kukkura, m - dog

 

kucchi, mf - belly

 

kuµµh², m - leper

 

kuto, adv - whence

 

kutra, adv - where

 

kum±ra, m - boy

 

kum±r², f - girl

 

kulavantu, adj - man of good family

 

kusala, adj - merit

 

kusuma, n - flower

 

kuhi½, adv - where

 

ketu, m - flag

 

khagga, m - sword

 

khaº¹a, n - piece

 

kh±dan²ya, n - food

 

khippa½, adv - soon

 

kh²ra, n - milk

 

khud±, f - hunger

 

khetta, n - field

 

Gang±, f - Ganges river

 

gantu, m - one who goes

 

garu, m - teacher

 

gahapati, m - householder

 

g±ma, m - village

 

g±v², f - cow

 

giri, m - mountain

 

gil±na, m - sick man

 

g²ta, n - song

 

g²v±, f - neck

 

guºavantu, adj - virtuous

 

guh±, f - cave

 

geha, n - house, home

 

goºa, m - ox

 

ghaµa, n - pot

 

ghara, n - house

 

ca, ind - and

 

cakkhu, n - eye

 

caº¹±la, m - outcast

 

canda, m - moon

 

citta, n - mind

 

c²vara, n - robe

 

cora, m - thief

 

ch±y±, f - shade, shadow

 

j±ºu / jaººu, n - knee

 

jala, n - water

 

j±ta, mfn - born

 

jivh±, f - tongue

 

jetu, m - victor

 

taº¹ula, n - raw rice

 

tato, adv - therefore

 

tattha, adv - there

 

tatra, adv - there

 

tath±, adv - thus

 

Tath±gata, m - the Buddha

 

tad±, adv - then

 

taru, m - tree

 

taruºi, f - young woman

 

tasm±, adv - therefore

 

t±pasa, m - hermit

 

t±va, adv - so far, until

 

tiºa, n - grass

 

t²ra, n - bank

 

tuº¹a, n - beak

 

tela, n - oil

 

tva½, pron - you

 

dakkha, adj - clever

 

daddu, fn - eczema

 

dadhi, n - curd

 

d±µh², m - tusker

 

d±tu, m - giver

 

d±na, n - alms

 

d±raka, m - child

 

d±ru, n - firewood

 

d±sa, m - servant

 

d²ghaj²v², m - one with long life

 

d²pa, m - island / lamp

 

d²p², m - leopard

 

dukkha½, adv - suffering

 

dubbala, adj - weak

 

dussa, n - cloth

 

duhitu, f - daughter

 

d³ta, m - messenger

 

deva, m - deity

 

devat±, f - deity

 

devi, f - queen

 

doºi, f - boat

 

dv±ra, n - door

 

dhañña, n - corn

 

dhana, n - wealth

 

dhanu, n - bow

 

dhamma, m - doctrine

 

dh±tu, f - relics, elements

 

dh²tu, f - daughter

 

dh²vara, m - fisherman

 

dhenu, f - cow

 

na, ind - not

 

nagara, n - city, town

 

nad², f - river

 

nayana, n - eye

 

nara, m - man

 

naraka, n - purgatory

 

nava, adj - new

 

n±n±, ind - various

 

n±r², f - woman

 

n±¼i, f - a unit of measure

 

n±v±, f - ship

 

n±vika, m - sailor

 

nidhi, m - treasure

 

niv±sa, m - house

 

netu, m - leader

 

pakkh², m - bird

 

pañjara, mn - cage

 

paññ±, f - wisdom

 

pañha, m - question

 

paº¹ita, m - sage, wise man

 

paººa, n - leaf

 

pati, m - husband

 

patta, m - bowl

 

patthan±, f - hope, expectation

 

paduma, n - lotus

 

pabbata, m - mountain

 

pabh±te, n - early morning

 

pabh³, m - eminent person

 

pasu, m - animal

 

paris±, f - retinue

 

pavattu, m - reciter

 

pah³ta, adj - much

 

p±ºi, m - palm, hand

 

p±º², m - living being

 

p±da, m - foot

 

p±n²ya, n - drinking water

 

p±pa, n - evil

 

p±s±ºa, m - stone

 

p±s±da, m - mansion

 

pi, ind - too, also

 

piµaka, m - basket

 

pitu, m - father

 

pip±s±, f - thirst

 

pip±sita, mfn - thirsty

 

puñña, n - merit

 

putta, m - son

 

puttad±ra, m - children and wife

 

puna, ind - again

 

puppha, n - flower

 

pupph±sana, n - flower altar

 

pubbaka, mfn - ancient

 

purisa, m - man

 

pokkharaº², f - pond

 

potthaka, n - book

 

pharasu, m - axe

 

phala, n - fruit

 

bandhu, m - relative

 

balavantu, mfn - powerful

 

bal², m - powerful one

 

bahu, adj - many

  

b²ja, n - seed

 

Buddha, m - the Buddha

  

buddhi, f - intelligence

 

br±hmaºa, m - brahmin

 

br±hmaº², f - brahmin woman

 

bhagin², f - sister

 

Bhagav±, m - the Buddha

 

bhaº¹a, n - goods

 

bhatta, mn - rice

 

bhattu, m - husband

 

bhariy±, f - wife

 

bh±tu, m - brother

 

bh±num±, m - sun

 

bhikkhu, m - monk

 

bh³pati, m - king

 

bh³p±la, m - king

 

bh³mi, f - ground

 

bhojana, n - food, meal

 

bhojan²ya, n - soft food

 

makkaµa, m - monkey

 

magga, m - road

 

maccha, m - fish

 

mañca, m - bed

 

mañj³s±, f - box

 

maºi, m - gem

 

mattaññ³, m - moderate, abstemious one

 

madhu, n - honey

 

madhukara, m - bee

 

manussa, m - man

 

manta, n - magic spell

 

mant², m - minister

 

m±, ind - do not

 

m±tu, f - mother

 

m±tula, m - uncle

 

m±ra, m - the evil one

 

m±l±, f - garland

 

miga, m - deer

 

mitta, mn - friend

 

mukha, n - face, mouth

 

muµµhi, m - fist

 

muni, m - sage

 

m³la, n - money

 

modaka, n - sweetmeat

 

yaµµhi, f - walking stick

 

yato, adv - since

 

yattha, adv - where

 

yatra, adv - where

 

yath±, adv - in which manner

 

yad±, adv - when

 

yadi, ind - if

 

yasavantu, mfn - famous

 

yasm±, adv - because

 

y±gu, f - gruel

 

y±caka, m - beggar

 

y±va, adv - how far

 

yuvati, f - young woman

 

rajaka, m - washerman

 

rajju, f - rope

 

ratti, f - night3

 

ratha, m - vehicle, chariot

 

ravi, m - sun

 

rasa, n - taste

 

rasmi, f - ray

 

r±jin², f - queen

 

r±si, m - heap

 

rukkha, m - tree

 

rukkham³la, n - foot of tree

 

r³pa, n - form, object

 

lat±, f - creeper

 

l±bha, m - gain, profit

 

luddaka, m - hunter

 

loka, m - world

 

locana, n - eye

 

va¹¹hak², m - carpenter

 

vaººavantu, mfn - colourful

 

vattu, m - speaker

 

vattha, n - cloth

 

vatthu, n - estate

 

vadaññ³, m - generous one

 

vadh³, f - wife/daughter-in-law

 

vana, n - forest

 

vammika, mn - anthill

 

var±ha, m - pig

 

vasu, n - wealth

 

v±, ind - or

 

v±ºija, m - merchant

 

v±ta, m - wind

 

v±nara, m - monkey

 

v±p², f - tank

 

v±ri, n - river

 

v±luk±, f - sand

 

vijju, f - lightning

 

viññ±tu, m - knowledgeable man

 

viññ³, m - wise man

 

vid³, m - wise man

 

vinetu, m - disciplinarian

 

viya, ind - like, similar

 

vih±ra, m - monastery

 

v²sati - twenty

 

v²hi, m - paddy

 

vega, adj - speed

 

vetana, n - wage, pay

 

ve¼u, m - bamboo

 

vy±dhi, m - sickness

 

sakaµa, m - cart

 

sakala, adj - entire

 

sakuºa, m - bird

 

sakh², f - female friend

 

sagga, n - heaven

 

sace, ind - if

 

sacca, n - truth

 

sattu, m - enemy

 

satthi, n - thigh

 

satthu, m - teacher

 

sadda, m - sound

 

saddh±, f - faith

 

saddhi½, ind - with

 

sappa, m - serpent

 

sappi, n - ghee

 

sappurisa, m - good man

 

sabba, mfn - all

 

sabaññ³, m - all knowing one

 

sabh±, f - assembly

 

samaºa, m - monk

 

samudda, m - sea, ocean

 

sammajjan², f - broom

 

samm±, ind - well, right

 

sara, m - arrow

 

sassu, f - mother-in-law

 

saha, ind - with

 

sah±ya (ka), m - friend

 

s±kh±, f - branch

 

s±µaka, m - garment

 

s±m², m - husband

 

s±rath², m - charioteer

 

s±l±, f - hall

 

s±vaka, m - disciple

 

sikh², m - peacook

 

sig±la, m - jackal

 

sindhu, m - sea, ocean

 

sippa, n - arts and science

 

sissa, m - pupil

 

s²gha½, adv - fast

 

s²la, n - virtue

 

s²sa, n - head

 

s²ha, m - lion

 

suka, m - parrot

 

sukha½, adv - happily

 

sukh², m - happy person

 

sugata, m - the Buddha

 

sunakha, m - dog

 

sura, m - deity

 

sur±, f - liquor

 

suriya, m - sun

 

suva, m - parrot

 

suvaººa, n - gold

 

susu, m - young one

 

s³kara, m - pig

 

seµµhi, m - banker

 

setu, n - bridge

 

soºa, m - dog

 

sota, n - ear

 

sotu, m - listener

 

sop±na, m - stairway

 

hattha, m - hand

 

hatth², m - elephant

 

himavantu, mfn - Himalaya

 

hirañña, n - gold

 


  

 

 

  

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Vipassana Research Institute
Vipassana Research Institute