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founded by S. N. Goenka in the tradition of Sayagyi U Ba Khin







1. Aṅguttara Nikāya. 1.134

2. Jātaka. 1.69 (P.T.S.) London

3. Dīgha Nikāya. 1.16

4. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.3

5. Dhammapada. Verses 153, 154

6. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.5

7. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.13 (see Teaching of the Buddha)

8. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.16

9. Vinaya Piṭaka. 23/26

10. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.23 "Caratha, bhikkhave, cārikaṃ bahujana-hitāya bahujana-sukhāya lokānukampāya, atthāyahitāyasukhāya devamanussānaṃ. Mā ekena dve agamittha."

11. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.23

12. Vinaya Piṭaka. 25

13. Vinaya Piṭaka. 38

14. Dīgha Nikāya. 2.119

15. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.13

16. Dukkhaṃ ariya-saccaṃ Dukkha-samudayaṃ ariya-saccaṃ Dukkha-nirodhaṃ ariya-saccaṃ Dukkha-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā ariya-saccaṃ

17. Khuddaka Nikāya. 1.383

18. Khuddaka Nikāya. 1.383

19. Imasmiṃ sati, idaṃ hoti; imasmiṃ asati, idaṃ na hoti. Imassa uppādā, idaṃ upajjati; imassa nirodhā, idaṃ nirujjhati.

20. Vinaya Piṭaka. 1.3

21. Saṃyutta Nikāya. 4.195

22. According to the Theravada tradition Buddhavacana (the words of the Buddha) are contained in the Tipiṭaka (in Pāli), or the three baskets, which consists of:

i) Vinaya Piṭaka, which contains rules and regulations pertaining to monks and nuns.

ii) Sutta Piṭaka, which contains the popular discourses on Dhamma which the Buddha gave during his forty-five years of teaching.

iii) Abhidhamma Piṭaka, which contains teachings of the Buddha analysed and synthesized in a special format. They are all available in Pāli language.

23. According to the Mahāyāna tradition the Fourth Council was held under the auspices of Kaniśhka in India about 100 A.D.

24. 2,500 years of Buddhism, edited by Prof. P.V. Bapat, p. 47 (All references are from Pāli Tipiṭaka, Nālandā edition except those specified.)

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